Contact Us Jobs
Download Our PDF Brochure
"The first responsibility of leadership is to define reality"
Max De Pree
   Recent Engagements  
Recent Engagements            
Millieu & Beginnings            
Mission - Vision - Values
           
Leadership & Structure
           
Regional Presence
& Coverage
           
Paradigm Development
& Theory Building
Evidence - Data
Best Practices
Policy Analysis
Pro Development
Business Models
M&E, Efficacy and
Impact Analysis
Academic Partnerships
Multilateral Bilateral Donor
Partnerships
Public Partnerships
Pro Development
Business Alliances
Civil Society Alliances
HR & Training
Infrastructure &
Tehnology
Work Plans - Travel
Logistics & Security
Leadership Development
Research and M&E
Services
Project Outreach
Management
Project Resource
Management
Bridges Financial
Evaluation Services
Democracy & Governance
Education, ICT,
Science & Technology
Health
& Social Safety
Agriculture, Natural
Resources & Environment
Economic Growth
Corporate Profile


" We are motivated by a deep desire to bring whatever skills we possess and whatever resources we can harness to replace state fragility with state resilience and prosperity." "

Established by a group of accomplished development specialists with roots in fragile states, Bridges Development Consortium is a private firm operating from the US and Pakistan, conducting development research, and offering project management and M&E services in (the proverbial eye of the storm) - Af - Pak, Middle East, and the North African region.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Our services focus on capacity development through leadership enhancement, use of research and evidence in decision making, consensus building in social change, efficient use (and expansion) of available resources, and effective delivery of desired outputs. As a system, each capacity reinforces and bolsters the other in achieving Bridge's mission in various sectors.

On our own, and in partnership with others, we have been seeding elements of good governance, quality education, community action and environmentally conscious economic growth. We are motivated by a deep desire to bring whatever skills we possess and whatever resources we can harness to replace state fragility with state resilience and prosperity.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Recent Engagement - Rethinking Governments


' "Bridges has embarked on a dialogue with regional luminaries and intellectuals, re-considering the outlines of public management and a government for the "new times." '

New York Times (November, 14, 2012) foresees the whole of Middle East "erupting into one giant sound and light show of civil wars, states collapsing and refugees dislocating." While sectarianism and ethnic strife has a lot to do with it, the culprit maybe the lack of capacity and willingness of governments to perform key state functions for the benefit of their populations.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Unresponsive regimes and their clientelist policies have resulted in arrested development, "poor services, administrative collapse, loss of territorial control, extreme political instability, violent conflict, and repression or denial of resources to subgroups of the population."

In these rather challenging times, Bridges brings a ray of hope as it embarks on a dialogue with regional luminaries and intellectuals, senior public officials, successful entrepreneurs and businessmen, politicians and the regions civil society, redrawing the outlines of public management and a government for the "new times."

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Recent Engagement - On Educating the Fragile World


" Bridges has undertaken a comprehensive study on the entire universe of education in Pakistan, researching existing and alternative paradigms of education delivery, encompassing ways to improve access, contents, equity, availability of resources and quality." "

Pakistan has ratified five International Conventions on education directly, and seven other with indirect bearing on education. Most recently, section 25A of the Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment and, in the past, several laws and statutes had created specific operational obligations on the state of Pakistan to deliver and recognize education as the fundamental right of its citizen. Yet education is under siege in the country, educational policies are fragmenting the society, infrastructure is callously insufficient, broken, or mismanaged.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Milieu and the Beginnings


" “We, at Bridges, are motivated by a deep desire to bring whatever skills we possess and whatever resources we can harness to narrow the growing economic and social divides that run through the heart of our regions. " "

Bridges operates right from the proverbial "eye of the storm" - the unstable Middle East and an equally fragile West Asia, where subsequent, often non representative, governments have been unable to set policy priorities, carry out long term planning, deliver basic services, and implement needed reforms commensurate to the magnitude of challenges at hand.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

The regions administrative capacity ails with endemic, structural weaknesses, where ad hock-ism and patronage has replaced planning and evidence based decision making producing suboptimal policies and unimaginative solutions to a plethora of problems these countries face today. <\br><\br> As a result resources are routinely misappropriated or outright squandered, leading to fragmented and unequal distribution of opportunities, and widening social disparities that continue to contribute to the diminishing public support for the state, allowing room for non-state actors to fill the void, stoke militancy and worsen violence with regional and global consequences.

It was in this context that the Bridges Development Consortium, a politically autonomous research and solutions outlet, was established in Pakistan, by a group of accomplished development specialists with roots in the region. We, at Bridges, do not relent to this disastrous fate of our part of the world and are motivated by a deep desire to bring whatever skills we possess and whatever resources we can harness to help rebuild and narrow the growing economic and social divides that run through the heart of this region, severely limiting the life and potential of hundreds of millions of individuals.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Our Mission - Vision - Values


' Bridges develops an indigenous response to state fragility that promotes legitimacy in governance, ensures peace and security and fosters economic growth '

When states break down or are overcome by conflict, development stops and governance collapses, their inhabitants are faced with death, disease, economic stagnation and environmental degradation. Before long, transnational criminals, drug and arms networks start establishing roots and the entire region succumbs to criminality and terrorism that spawns in the vacuum of such states.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Consequently desperate refugees start fleeing these conditions and pour into neighboring states. Today, over a billion people live in destitute circumstances in an increasing number of fragile states and regions. The threat is global, the stakes are really high.

Bridges Development Consortium, thus, intends to reverse this downward spiral of fragile states into the abyss of failure. We question conventional wisdom and find the standard response to state fragility inadequate. We go beyond the analytics of development to conduct research and gather evidence. We draw on the knowledge of local experts, practitioners, academics, leaders and reformers to develop an indigenous response to state fragility that promotes legitimacy in governance, ensures peace and security and fosters economic growth

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Leadership & Structure


" Over the years, Bridges leadership has been institutionalized as a structural component of Bridges, making it an engaged and a high performance 21st century workplace. "

Bridges works under the guidance of Dr. Rehan Mullick and a group of seasoned development experts known for their innovative and daring work in conflict zones. These individuals understand the frontline context of their theater of work, its historical tensions and its emerging political dynamics. In their recurring walk on the tightrope of their practice, these experts pick the most precise interventions and mobilize just the right resources that deliver immediate relief and swift development to strife torn regions of the world.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Today, Bridges leads the way, researches solutions, innovates, motivates, inspires and empowers stakeholders, and against all odds, delivers equitable and sustainable development around several increasingly formidable parts of the world

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Paradigm and Approach


" Bridges suggests a new generation of "Extended Development Programs" evolving into permanent Capacity Development Facilities (centers of excellence) by sectors - ensuring that the resources are pooled and innovations seeded, while capacity building is institutionalized. "

In a nation state, institutions are organized to accomplish the political mission of a society - ensuring security, justice, equitable human development, fair distribution of resources and access to legitimate economic activity for its citizen. But when these institutions cease to function, the political power that is channeled through them finds alternative, less ordered means of expression.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

As the UNDP sums it up "if all the symptoms that have beleaguered development effectiveness were to be aggregated, two major culprits begin to emerge: the varyingly weak status of Institutional capacity all over the world; and the new global shocks" - economic slowdown, conflict, insurgency and terrorism.

Since development is 'what' Bridges intends to secure, capacity development is essentially 'how' we do it. Building on the capacity development discourse by the Urban Institute in Washington DC and benchmarking them against local capacities, Bridges has aligned its services around a system of capacity development initiatives that once undertaken can help reverse state fragility fairly effectively. Our services focus on capacity development through leadership enhancement, use of research and evidence in decision making, consensus building in social change, efficient use (and expansion) of available resources, and effective delivery of desired outputs. As a system, each capacity reinforces and bolsters the other in achieving Bridges' mission.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Evidence - Data - Best Practices


' Our researchers are always on a lookout for opportunities to acquire both quantitative and qualitative data that could lead to a fresh/alternative response to a rather elusive narrative of nation building. '

Over the years, Bridges has accumulated a fair share of primary and secondary data on an array of topics embedded in the context of state fragility. Our researchers are always on a lookout for opportunities to acquire both quantitative and qualitative data that could lead to a fresh/alternative response to a rather elusive narrative of nation building.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

We keep our baselines fresh and updated and perpetually prospect for international best practices in several areas of interest. Bridges researchers are constantly filtering cleaning and collating data from several sources (the World Bank, the UN and other bilateral donors) for summaries and prompt analysis. Our analysis and two ways interaction with donors and primes has often lead to policy changes in subsequent extensions of various programs.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Policy Analysis


" Bridges is constantly researching the interrelationship between various socio-economic policies of the regional governments and their full impact. "

Dr. Ishrat Hussain, a renowned economist and a former governor of the State Bank of Pakistan writes about the credibility of policies and the policy makers.. "In Pakistan, every successive government has followed policies that are unpredictable, impulsive and are of short duration.There have been too frequent changes, sometimes contradictory in nature and at times catering exclusively to special vested interests rather than meeting national economic objectives."

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

He further notes that "The Statutory Regulatory Orders (SROs) are issued practically every day exempting, withdrawing, imposing, amending, modifying, deleting, superseding, overriding, the earlier orders thereby creating confusion, uncertainty and variance in application. The complex maze of these and similar orders and gazette notifications does not just create opaqueness in interpretation of policies. It confers enormous power of discretion, arbitrariness and harassment to government functionaries of all kinds in a cascading manner along the chain - central governments, provincial governments, district councils, municipalities, public sector corporations, public utilities, etc.

For the reasons above, Bridges is constantly researching the interrelationship between various socio-economic policies of the regional governments and their full impact. In doing so, the consortium engages broadest range of stakeholders private sector, industrial organizations, professional cadre, farmer associations, trade unions, NGOs, etc. Bridges feels that understanding policy process and its relevance with the ground reality is essential to combat fragility and push a pragmatic reform process.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Academic Partnerships


" Bridges works with academics and students from known local universities to research and "outline an alternative response to state fragility, recognizing more traditional sources of legitimacy and a hybridity of political order. "

Bridges works with academics and students from known local universities to research and "outline an alternative response to state fragility, recognizing more traditional sources of legitimacy and a hybridity of political order.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Bridges acknowledges this context, and works with academics and students from known local universities (the University of Punjab, Lahore University of Management Sciences, the Afghan Center at Kabul University and the Center for Arab and Middle Eastern Studies(CAMES)the American University of Beirut) to research and "outline an alternative response to state fragility, recognizing more traditional sources of legitimacy and a hybridity of political order."

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Multilateral and Bilateral Donors


" "Ownership matters. Countries and their governments must be in the driver's seat, and, in our experience, the people must be consulted." James Wolfensohn the world Bank. "

Bridges believes that by putting countries "in the driving seat" there is a signal from the donors and the World Bank in particular, that there is a greater opportunity for involvement of other and indigenous specialists in the development arena in advising on development agenda of the future, Bridges has been actively involved with donors in creating the blueprints for a new development paradigm.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Missing

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Public Partnership


" missing "

missing

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

missing

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
HR and Training


" Bridges has access to excellent social scientist, statistician, and researchers from around the region. "

With 25 full-time staff, several associate around the world and tens of consultants on our roster, we have access to excellent social scientist, statistician, and researchers from around the region. There is also a steady trickle of Students and Scholars from several local universities for intern-ships or training, all adding to our capacity and effort.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Infrastructure & Technology


" Our offices are well resourced with skilled staff, equipped with video conferencing facilities, and state of the art data gathering GPRS and GIS technologies. "

Bridges is headquartered in Pakistan. Housed in a serene environment, our offices are well resourced with skilled staff, equipped with video conferencing facilities, and state of the art data gathering GPRS and GIS technologies. Bridges has recently acquired the technical capacity to deploy app-enabled, Internet-connected devices (PC- Tablets) to administer surveys and collect data from the field

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Work - Plans Logistics and Security


" Bridges uses various resource estimation techniques to assist Partners in devising practical, well resourced, and secure work plans in difficult circumstances. "

Bridges shares its various organizational capacities with partners in refining their project vision, its goals and objectives, and in recruiting local stakeholders, educating them and understanding their needs. It uses various resource estimation techniques to assist Partners in devising practical, well resourced, and secure work plans in difficult circumstances.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read there is no more data for read

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Leadership, Performance and Results


" Bridges helps project leaders to outline an overall picture of the project through smartly designed PMPs and result frameworks that are specific and measurable that the entire project team can relate to "

In a conflict zone, It is expected that a Project leader belongs to an elite set of professionals who are called upon when the risks are high, when failure is not an option, and when the project requires only the very best. "Such a leader should be able to build and share a common vision, set goals and nurture a common understanding on tracking the progress."

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Bridges helps project leaders to outline an overall picture of the project through smartly designed PMPs and result frameworks that are specific and measurable that the entire project team can relate to through their daily activities. Once in place, Bridges ensures that these project objectives, and strategies to achieve them, are properly disseminated, and are mutually understood by every single person actively involved in the project. Since project success is the accumulation of the many results yielded from a set of several project capacities - Clear Vision, Systematic Research and Evaluation, Effective Outreach and an Efficient Resource Management, Bridges Services extend to inculcate or enhance those project capacities as well.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Research and M&E Services


" Over the years, Bridges has been consulted on several development initiatives by local & provincial governments, business groups, donors, and bilateral and multilateral agencies. "

We have often been approached by development organizations wanting to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of their assistance programs in Central - South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, where, deploying quantitative surveys and qualitative evidence gathering, we have provided evaluation services in an array of program areas on what works, what doesn't, and under what circumstances.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Our expertise range from developing performance monitoring plans (PMPs), and conducting evaluation studies (often under tremendously difficult conditions and short time frames, across conflict zones in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iraq). Our assessments and recommendations on the impact and effectiveness of several development initiatives have actually translated into policy directives and have helped sharpen subsequent phases of various programs.
Bridges Development Consortium has designed, implemented and disaminated its findings on several Citizen Surveys in global hotspots, including Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Our research and M&E services include:
> Designing Baseline Studies and Citizen Opinion Polls
> Designing Coded Survey Instruments
> Fielding, analyzing data and disseminating results
> Developing performance monitoring plans
> Developing results framework
> Developing performance indicators
> Collecting and analyzing performance information
> Identifying and setting indicators for performance tracking
> Collecting and analyzing data for indicator measurement
> Conducting post project and program impact evaluations

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Project Outreach Management


" Bridges shares its outreach capacities with partners in refining their project vision, its goals and objectives, and aligning them with needs of the local stakeholders, educating them and learning from them "

Project success is not about project accomplishments. A project cannot achieve results without reaching out to stakeholders. The project staff works to deliver project results, yet reaching out to the stakeholders is at the heart of any project, and since outreach without a common cause leads nowhere project vision and outreach have to go hand in hand.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

A rather fluid context of a conflicted world, reaching out to others is essential. Carefully planned outreach can "help increase awareness and understanding of issues and challenges, generate more data, help determine priorities, increase support for remediation programs, and generally enhance the likelihood of success. Stakeholder processes often provide the reality check for scientific efforts: they seek to synthesize ecological, technical, social, cultural, political, and economic concerns through a process that helps to define what's actually doable." Managing that process requires some attention to the logistics and synergies of creating and operating a team of diverse people pursuing a common goal. Bridges shares its outreach capacities with partners in refining their project vision, its goals and objectives, and in recruiting local stakeholders, educating them and understanding their needs. Bridges has had the experience of managing focus groups/stakeholder meetings, neighbourhood consultation gatherings and conducting external plan reviews.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
The Future of Iraq Opinion Poll


" The Bridges survey showed that Iraqis were more united than ever, wanting return to sovereignty through genuine elections by the end of the year 2005. "

In 2005 Bridges, in Collaboration with the Iraq Center for Research and Strategic Studies (ICRSS),* fielded a comprehensive survey of Iraqi perceptions about the future of their country According to the survey, while they wanted to live in a democratic system, they did not want it to be a replication of the American model, nor were they inclined to a more secularist and a free-market ideology.The survey was conducted by the Bridges Development Consortium

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

in collaboration with the Iraqi Center for Research and Strategic Studies and the Greenfire International.
A total of three thousand Iraqis were interviewed across, ethnic, religious and regional lines, representing all, 18, governorates of the country. ICRSS deployed 50 trained enumerators and sought assistance/expertise from local universities in conducting the survey across Iraq. About 3000 Iraqis were interviewed on their aspirations for the future of Iraq.
The results provided valuable insight on how the Iraqis actually perceived the future and sovereignty of their country and provided an essential backdrop for decision makers in the "rush for sovereignty" at the time.
Some of the highlights of the survey were:
1) Iraqi unity is at an all-time high as 79% of the respondents claimed to identify themselves as Iraqis, first, while 82% said that Iraqis are a single nation. Only 5.3% felt that the days of Iraq being a single nation are over and that Iraq is now divided into several states.
2) A clear majority of 64.7% favored a politically centralized, unitary state as opposed to a federation. 67% said that they want both fiscal and administrative centralization.
3) 75.1% wanted to live in a moderate Islamic democracy rather than a secular liberal one.
4) 65% prefered a state controlled economy with government subsidies for basic utilities as opposed to a free market system for which there was only 6.6% support.
5) Iraqis wanted to retain national sovereignty over their resources, 64.9% thought that Iraqi companies should maintain an edge over international entrepreneurs for access to its markets and resources as apposed to only 8.7% comfortable with the idea of international companies having complete access to Iraqi markets and resources.
*(ICRSS is an indigenous think-tank of Iraqi intellectuals with expertise in survey research, socio-economics, political science, public administration and related issues. The center regularly conducts and disseminates results of opinion polls on issues of national interest for Iraq. 10 BRIDGES observers conducted random spot checks and helped ICRSS maintain close quality control over the entire survey process.)

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Iraq Cap III


" Reduce corruption through enhanced oversight, and encourage greater popular participation and a belief that citizen actions can help shape the nature and priorities of the government. "

At the heart of decentralization debate in Iraq is the belief that the dispersal of power from the once monopolized central government will generate greater political legitimacy and foster a sense of citizen ownership of their government. It is hoped that decentralization will improve government responsiveness and accountability to citizens, increase government flexibility to address the diverse needs of the Iraqi population,

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

"reduce corruption through enhanced oversight, and encourage greater popular participation and a belief that citizen actions can help shape the nature and priorities of the government."
CAP III was initiated, to do just that, Strengthen GOI's ability to function as a legitimate and effective government at the local level. While CAP worked at the local Qada (District) and Nahiya (Sub-district) levels, the Local Governance Project (LGP), and the National Capacity Development project (Tatweer) operated at the provincial and national levels respectively. CAP III?s interventions included community mobilization, local governments? capacities and receptiveness in the Program?s area of responsibility (AOR).
This study was intended to understand the socioeconomic dynamics of Iraqi communities as they transition out of a highly centralized, command regime to an increasingly participatory decentralized democracy of the future. To do this, the study gathered evidence on related issues surveyed in a Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) format. The Survey was further augmented by Focus Group Discussions and field observations, offering a unique insight into the perceptions of the Iraqi Populations on the existing state of Local Governance in Iraq, establishing a baseline, on how well Iraqi communities articulates their needs and how efficiently the local governments are meeting those needs, at least in the minds of the Iraqi Community Members.
The data so acquired generated a causal model that delineated a logical chain of events connecting the project activities to the final impacts that CAP intended to achieve. This approach allows project decision makers to create a series of cause-and-effect relationships starting with program activities and ending with intended impacts. This bold evaluative approach is in line with ACDI?s desire to promote innovation and learning around CAP. Based on the results of causal models, the evaluators, partners and donors will have enough evidence to suggest midcourse adjustments to existing interventions and activities.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
The Pakpur Foundation


" The group has already formulated a comprehensive vision to build a more equitable, prosperous, compassionate and integrated Pakistan, called "the Pakistan Project." "

Pakistani society's ability to lead itself is eroding fast. The existing leadership is perceived to have no vision, little effectiveness and nonexistent integrity. Under the circumstances, Bridges Development Consortium was consulted by a group of concerned citizen to provide advice on tapping newer reservoirs of leadership in the country. The result was the Pakpur Foundation (TPF).

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

The foundation was conceived as a uniquely structured forum of known Pakistani academics, policy makers, business leaders and development experts with the ability to integrate research, field based collaborations, philanthropy and social enterprise to lead, develop, and implement integrative, innovative and sustainable solutions around an array of problems the country faces today. The group has already formulated a comprehensive vision to build a more equitable, prosperous, compassionate and integrated Pakistan, called the "Pakistan Project".
Recently TPF had gotten hands-on with the ?Pakistan Project? and as an initial step built a planned new village for the rehabilitation of flood affected people in Shahgarh, Punjab. As the project progressed, TPF realized how marginalized pakistan?s rural population has always been. But since the hundred home "Pakpur Village" rose out of a sand dune (along with its school, playgrounds, parks.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
The Bridges School and Pre-K Teacher Training Facility


" Evidence suggests that the experiences, environment and opportunities provided to a child determine his/her strengths and weaknesses. "

Today, these views have, in fact, been upheld by scientific evidence that suggests that experiences, environment and opportunities provided to a child determine his/her strengths and weaknesses. If a child's world is chaotic, stressful emotionally, cognitively impoverished their potentials will remain undiscovered. On the contrary, if a child's world is safe, nurturing and rich in social, emotional and cognitive opportunities, he/she will flourish.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

The Bridges School is a laboratory for quality education in Pakistan. At TBS one finds a symbiotic relationship between local needs and internationally acknowledges, developmentally appropriate academically competitive, brain - based curriculum fostering physical, emotional, social creative and cognitive development.
This school is also a state of the art training facility for local teachers in pre-K pedagogy. We train teachers leveraging the wisdom of early Islamic scholarship (with strands of Reggio Emilia Approach), and the curriculum guidelines of the NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children - a US based organization promoting excellence in children's education).

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Recent Engagement - On Educating the Fragile World


" Bridges has undertaken a comprehensive study of the entire universe of education in Pakistan researching new models, paradigms and ways to improve access, contents, equity, resources and quality of education within Pakistan and the countries around. "

Pakistan has ratified five International Conventions on education directly, and seven other with indirect bearing on education. Most recently, section 25A of the Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment and, in the past, several laws and statutes had created specific operational obligations on the state of Pakistan to deliver and recognize education as the fundamental right of its citizen.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Yet education is under siege in the country, educational policies are fragmenting the society, infrastructure is callously insufficient, broken, or mismanaged.
Overall, educational standards have hit the rock bottom while the country has the 2nd largest out of school population in the world. With bad or no education at all, Pakistani youth are drifting from an eroding mainstream towards an assortment of extremes. While Pakistani state is unwilling or incapable of delivering on this fundamental human right, Bridges has undertaken a comprehensive study of the phenomenon and is exploring models, paradigms and alternative approaches to improve access, contents, equity, resources and quality of education within Pakistan and the counties around.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Every Child Counts Campaign Lahore, Pakistan


" Bridges in its "Every Child Counts" campaign confronted this chronic inaptitude against street children, collected scientifically sampled data for future interventions, and ease the physical hardship of the children with care packages, while giving them a chance to express themselves through art. "

Pakista's ranking in Human Development has been slipping. The United Nation's Human Development Reports categorize Pakistan as among "the worst performer in South Asia." A third of 180 million Pakistanis are stuck, well, below the poverty line and with half of countries population being children under 18,

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

Pakistani children are the poorest and the least represented segment of the society. It's hardly surprising then that a lot of these children are being torn from their homes and ending up in the streets of large cities.Recent estimates into the number of "street children" in Pakistan run well over a million. The alarming number of street children in Pakistan is symptomatic of increasing social, economic and cultural marginalization of Pakistani children.
The United Nations defines 'street children' as "any boy or girl for whom the street has become his or her habitual abode and/or source of livelihood, and who is inadequately protected, supervised, or directed by responsible adults." Once on the streets, and often homeless, these children lose access to basic healthcare and education. They labor under Extreme poverty, facing, constant abuse, exploitation, and vigilante justice. When, for their survival, they turn to scavenging, begging, theft and even prostitution, they attract public wrath and are deemed to be a nuisance to the society. General public is, at best, indifferent to these dehumanized children, allowing this human tragedy to perpetuate itself without notice.
Bridges in its "Every Child Counts" campaign confronted this chronic inaptitude, collected scientifically sampled data for future interventions, and to ease the physical hardship of the children distributed care packages, while giving these children a chance to express themselves through art.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
Establishing Baselines


" Bridges has conducted several baseline studies in establishing poverty estimates, existing status of agriculture, land, water, physical infrastructure, access to public services and framework for risks and opportunities, requiring reliable, comprehensive, and precise, survey instruments. "

In 2007, Bridges devised a strategy for the UNDP to develop poverty estimates (including gathering data to estimate the World Bank Bank's Living Standards Measurement Studies (LSMS) and the UNDPs international dollar a day poverty line estimates) for over 180 Union Councils in the nine Baluchistan districts,

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

where the phase II of the UNDPs community driven Area Development Project (ADPB) was initiated.Several Approaches (taking into account the presence of program intervention UCs, vs non Program UCs, as well as the security and the logistical issues) were considered to ensure the selection of a representative sample of local households. Consequently, Bridges, suggested a multi stage (three stages), stratified random sample of 3000 households.
At stage one, 60 UCs (approximately one third or 30 percent of the total UCs) were selected from the nine districts, where the project was being implemented. The UCs were selected in proportion to the total number of UC?s within each District. Since each UC consisted of a population of between 10,000 to 15,000 residents the UC's were not needed to be weighed by population.
At Stage Two: With the exception of Quetta, the project districts were fairly rural. At instances, each Union Council within these districts was an aggregate of several small settlements and villages. At stage two, Bridges recommended selecting the Union Headquarter plus one random settlement within each Union Council in case the settlement was inaccessible for any reason bridges provided names of alternative settlements.
At Stage Three: At this stage 25 households were identified randomly from within each selected settlement the regional distribution of the surveyed settlements and farms was eventually presented.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
RAMP ? BRIDGES ? Afghanistan On-Farm Study


" The study shows that those who have adopted the recommended practices are generating up to 50% better yields for themselves and contributing significantly to Afghan Agricultural GDP. The study estimates that the efforts to facilitate the transfer of technology through hundreds of Demonstration Plots have resulted in dividends in access of USD 89 million for the Afghan GDP. "

Focus on improvement in agricultural extension in Afghanistan is rooted in agriculture?s strategic importance for the development of the country.Across the globe, accelerated technological innovations have changed the fabric of today's agriculture,

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

, extension services in many developing countries have tried to keep pace with these advances through multiple innovative programs. Such advances in agricultural technology hold great promise for Afghanistan, where years of war and drought have crippled the country's agricultural capabilities. Yet, eighty percent of the population still depends on agriculture and the rural economy for its livelihood.
In 2003 the USAID introduced the Rebuilding Agricultural Markets in Afghanistan Program (RAMP) to improve the marketable output of the agricultural sector, consequently enriching the lives of Afghans by ensuring food supplies, creating jobs, increasing incomes, and strengthening the competitiveness of Afghanistan?s agricultural produce in local and foreign markets. The program included an intensive effort to identify, demonstrate and disseminate new and improved agricultural production technologies in rural areas through demonstration plots and related extension activities.
The findings of the Bridges ? RAMP On-Farm study support the argument for the efforts to transfer technology by providing evidence of tangible material benefits to adopting farmers. The study shows that those who have adopted the recommended practices are generating up to 50% better yields for themselves and contributing significantly to Afghan Agricultural GDP. The study estimates that the efforts to facilitate the transfer of technology through hundreds of Demonstration Plots have resulted in dividends in access of USD 89 million for the Afghan GDP. The findings of the study suggest that a farmers' decision to adopt a technology is influenced by external factors, participation in extension activities, interaction with extension agents, access to information sources, inputs and resources, distance from demo farms and markets and perceived profitability of the technology. There is room for adoption to increase if favorable conditions are present. What's missing is the supporting infrastructure and a corresponding institutional framework. The central focus of the institutional design should be to empower the farmers. Lessons emerging from this study can be applied to the design of future agricultural extension projects, elsewhere, and especially in Afghanistan where there is tremendous potential for change.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
PLDC


" The quality of human settlement, especially in small town Punjab, continues to lag in the availability of housing, roads, schools, health facilities, safe drinking water, sanitation and other social services. "

An informal sector, dominated by corruption and decadence has developed, as evidenced by the slums, katchiabadis, squatter settlements and bogus or ill planned housing schemes. Current trends in urban development, small town/community planning and housing development remain uncontrolled, unguided, and highly unsustainable. Land and Urban development in Punjab is under tremendous pressure from unorganized urban sprawl, deteriorating urban environment, deficiencies in urban services, shortages in the provision of housing,

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

and absence of properly developed spaces for economic activity, industrial estates, technology parks, and related infrastructure.
To respond to the challenges, the head of the Special Initiative Entity at the office of the Chief Minister Punjab sought Bridges? assistance in establishing a Punjab Land Development Company (PLDC) to respond to the challenges with immediate interventions in the areas of affordable housing, urban renewal, municipal services, land management, and the development of Economic Zones (Industrial Cities).
Bridges provided assistance in the formation of the Company. Setting the organization?s mission, its goals, objectives, its project logic and results framework. Guided the company?s board on establishing the theoretical underpinnings of human settlements in Punjab and kept them abreast with international best practices in human settlement, urban renewal, new cities and economic zones. Bridges further assisted the PLDC in devising the mission, goals and configuring an appropriate organizational structure, Supervised the recruitment process and, thus, helped the company, address the most challenging human settlement issues in the province.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print
The Punjab Board of Investment and Trade


" Bridges assisted the PBIT in devising the mission, goals and configuring an appropriate organizational structure; the consultancy supervised the recruitment process and, thus, helped PBIT, strategize the investment vows of the province. "

In 2009, the Government of Punjab, Pakistan decided to reenergize business activity in the province and to brand Punjabas the destination of choice for foreign and local investors. Punjab was missing an institutionalized effort to facilitate and enable private public partnership and to streamline processes through a one window operation.

Read More     |      Share     |      Print

The Punjab Board of Investment and Trade (PBIT) was conceived to do just that, while helping investors with project risk management and timely dispute resolution.Bridges assisted the PBIT in devising the mission, goals and configuring an appropriate organizational structure;the consultancy supervised the recruitment process and, thus, helped PBIT, strategize the investment challengesof the province.

Read Less     |      Share     |      Print